Ice, also known as crystal meth, is the crystallized form of methamphetamine—a powerful white synthetic drug that increases dopamine levels in the brain and produces a euphoric "rush", increased energy and strong sense of confidence.
Ice is the purest, most potent and most addictive form of methamphetamine, rapidly replacing powder (also known as speed) and base (also known as paste).
While initially the drug involves pleasure, it quickly begins to destroy the user's life. The drug is highly addictive and over time creates intense paranoia and a heightened sense of rage.
How is the drug taken?
Ice is usually smoked in glass pipes, but it can also be snorted, injected and swallowed.
Is ice use on the rise?
Yes. While methamphetamine use in the general population has remained stable since 1993 at 2.1% of the population, the preferred form of methamphetamine has changed to ice, making it more dangerous and addictive than ever before.
How much does it cost?
Compared to most drugs, ice is cheap. A typical 'hit' contains about 0.1 grams and costs about $50. One gram costs about $450. Young people at Triple Care Farm have reported spending anywhere from $50 to upwards of $600 on any given day—sadly most young people revert to stealing and committing crime to feed their addiction.
How is ice addiction treated?
At Triple Care Farm, ice treatment is the same as treatment for other drugs—through a holistic, and individualised care plan that addresses the underlying cause of addiction.
Over the three-month program, young people learn strategies to cope with their urges, deal with challenges and have fun without drugs. Focus is placed on activities that build self-esteem and resilience.
Does treatment work?
There is hope for young people wanting to escape the inevitable outcome that accompanies ice addiction. Results released earlier this year show that Triple Care Farm can effectively rehabilitate young people. Figures showed that 77% of graduates were on track with their substance use goals six months after leaving the program, despite a third of them citing ice as their drug of concern.